Norbert Schnell

From IMTR

Researcher and Developer, Real-Time Musical Interactions, IRCAM – Centre Pompidou

Research Topics and Interests

  • Gestural control and re-rembodiment of recorded sounds
  • Morphology of sound and gesture (and their relationship)
  • Music making and listening in the 21st Century
  • Real-time interactive content based audio processing
  • Real-time analysis/re-synthesis
  • Massive multi-channel sound synthesis

Flux

  • Head of the IRCAM Real-Time Musical Interactions and former Real-Time Applications team, 2002–2007.
  • DAAD Edgard Varèse Guest Professor for Electronic Music, TU Berlin 2007.
  • Member of the NIME steering commitee.
  • Chair of the 2006 International Conference on New Instruments for Musical Expression, NIME 06, June 2006.
  • Member of the IRCAM Real-Time Systems team, 1995–2002.
  • Collaborator of the MusikLabor Wien, 1994–1995.
  • Studio Assistant at the IEM, Institute for Electronic Music and Acousics Graz, 1990–1994.

Developments

  • MuBu, Sound description buffer for content based real-time interactive audio processing
  • PiPo, Plugin Interface for (Stream) Processing Objects
  • FTM & Co, Real-time audio, gesture and music processing library for Max/MSP

R&D Projects

EC Projects

  • SAME, Interactive mobile music applications
  • I-MAESTRO, Multimodal analysis and feedback in music pedagogy
  • Semantic HIFI, Real-time interactive content based audio processing

National Projects

  • Interlude, Novel paradigms for expressive gestural exploration and interaction with digital musical content
  • 2PIM/MI3, Interactive multimodal programming platform for the meta-instrument
  • Hartis, Real-time interactive simulation of car sounds (for PSA Peugeot Citroën)

Major Artistic Projects

  • Cameleon Kaleidoscope, Piece for ensemble by Marco Antonio Suarez Cifuentes
    Development of real-time analysis and re-synthesis, Biennale Musiques en scène Lyon, 2010.
  • K..., Opera by Philippe Manoury
    Development of a virtual choir (vocal analysis/re-synthesis),
    with Geffroy Peeters and Serge Lemouton, Opera Bastille Paris, 2001.
  • Narzissus, Opera by Beat Furrer
    Development of real-time processing (time stretching and sound spatialisation),
    with Peter Böhm, Steirischer Herbst Graz, Salzburger Festspiele, Biennale di Venezia, 1994.

Artistic Projects

  • Urban Musical Game
    Interactive sound installation of a musical ball game, with Frederic Bevilacqua, Nicolas Rasamimanana, Julien Blois, Emmanuel Flety, Benjamin Miller, Jean-Louis Frechin, Uros Petrevski, and Andrea Cera, Festivals Agora IRCAM and Future en Seine, Paris, 2011.
  • Sans Sous-Titres / Poème Symphonique pour 100 Langues / Histoires Drôles
    (working titles)
    Audio-visual installation project about the multiplicity of languages, with Wolf Ka and Maryline Gillois, in collaboration with the DGLFLF, supported by the DICREAM (aide à la maquette 2009), work in progress.
  • MindBox
    Audio-visual installation based on a gambling machine
    with Christian Graupner (HUMATIC) and Roberto Zappalà (Compagnia Zappalà Danza), Festival CynetArt Dresden, 2009, Festival Uva Grapes Catania, 2010.
  • S0UNDB1TS
    Sound installation for hundreds of independent elementary sound sources
    with Robin Minard, Festival Inventionen Berlin, 2002.
  • Maison de l'Ecluse
    Sound installation in the framework of the Anamnesis event
    with Antony Hequet and Antonella Bussanich, Chatillon sur Loire, 2000.
  • Players – Twilight Zone
    Concert and installation for 2 chess players, 3 musicians and 3 pinball players
    with Peter Böhm, Uli Fussenegger and Corinne Schweitzer, Steirischer Herbst Graz, 1997.
  • Die Schweinefarm
    Musikspiel after George Orwell's Animal Farm
    with Jiri Petrlik and Cornelius Buchmann, Thalia in der Kunsthalle Hamburg, 1988.

Cursus

  • PhD (Doktor der Philosophie) at the University of Music and Dramatic Arts Graz, supervisor: Gerhard Eckel, 2013.
  • Degree Diplom Ingenieur (Toningenieur) of the Technical University and the University of Music and Dramatic Arts Graz, 1996.
  • Diplomarbeit at AKG Acoustics Wien, 1994/95.
  • Studies at the University of Music and Dramatic Arts Graz,
    Music theory with Georg Friedrich Haas, Bernhard Lang and Gerd Kühr, 1990–1996.

PhD Thesis

  • N.Schnell, Playing (with) Sound - Of the Animation of Digitized Sounds and their Reenactment by Playful Scenarios in the Design of Interactive Audio Applications, PhD Thesis, Institute of Electronic Music and Acoustics, University of Music and Performing Arts Graz, October 2013. (PDF)

Publications

Editor

  • N. Schnell, F. Bevilacqua, M. J. Lyons, A. Tanaka, New Interfaces for Musical Expression, Proceedings of the 6th International Conference on New Interfaces for Musical Expression (NIME), IRCAM - Centre Pompidou, Paris, June 2006. (HTML)

Author

2011

  • N. Schnell, F. Bevilacqua, F. Guédy, N. Rasamimanana, Playing and Replaying – Sound, Gesture and Music Analysis and Re-Synthesis for the Interactive Control and Re-Embodiment of Recorded Music, in H. von Loesch and S. Weinzierl (Eds.), Gemessene Interpretation - Computergestützte Aufführungsanalyse im Kreuzverhör der Disziplinen, Klang und Begriff, Volume 4, Schott Verlag, Mainz, 2011.
  • F. Bevilacqua, N. Schnell, N. Rasamimanana, B. Zamborlin, F. Guedy, Online Gesture Analysis and Control of Audio Processing, Musical Robots and Interactive Multimodal Systems, Springer Tracts in Advanced Robotics, Volume 74, Springer Verlag, 2011. (Google Books Preview)
  • N. Schnell, F. Bevilacqua, N. Rasamimanana, J. Bloit, F. Guedy, E. Flety, Playing the MO – Gestural Control and Re-Embodiment of Recorded Sound and Music, International Conference on New Interfaces of Musical Expression (NIME), Oslo, June 2011. (PDF)
  • B. Caramiaux, F. Bevilacqua, N. Schnell, Sound Selection by Gestures, International Conference on New Interfaces for Musical Expression (NIME), Oslo, June 2011. (PDF)
  • B. Caramiaux, P. Susini, T. Bianco, F. Bevilacqua, O. Houix, N. Schnell, N. Misdariis, Gestural Embodiment of Environmental Sounds: an Experimental Study, International Conference on New Interfaces for Musical Expression (NIME), Oslo, June 2011. (PDF)
  • N. Rasamimanana, F. Bevilacqua, N. Schnell, F. Guedy, C. Maestracci E. Flety, B. Zamborlin, U. Petrevsky J.-L. Frechin, Modular Musical Objects Towards Embodied Control Of Digital Music, Tangible Embedded and Embodied Interaction, 2011. (PDF)

2010

  • B. Caramiaux, F. Bevilacqua, N. Schnell, Towards a Gesture-Sound Cross-Modal Analysis, Gesture in Embodied Communication and Human-Computer Interaction, Lecture Notes in Computer Science (LNCS), Volume 5934, Springer Verlag, 2010.
  • F. Bevilacqua, B. Zamborlin, A. Sypniewski, N. Schnell, F. Guédy, N. Rasamimanana, Continuous realtime gesture following and recognition, Gesture in Embodied Communication and Human-Computer Interaction, Lecture Notes in Computer Science (LNCS), Volume 5934, Springer Verlag, 2010.
  • N. Schnell, M. A. Suárez Cifuentes, J.-P. Lambert, First Steps in Relaxed Real-Time Typo-Morphological Audio Analysis/Synthesis, International Conference on Sound and Music Computing (SMC), Barcelona, July 2010. (PDF)
  • B. Caramiaux, F. Bevilacqua, N. Schnell, Analysing Gesture and Sound Similarities with a HMM-based Divergence Measure, International Conference on Sound and Music Computing (SMC), Barcelona, July 2010.
  • D. Schwarz, N. Schnell, Descriptor-based Sound Texture Sampling, International Conference on Sound and Music Computing (SMC), Barcelona, July 2010.
  • G. Leslie, D. Schwarz, O. Warusfel, F. Bevilacqua, B. Zamborlin, P. Jodlowski, N. Schnell, Grainstick: A Collaborative, Interactive Sound Installation, International Computer Music Conference (ICMC), New York, June 2010.
  • D. Schwarz, N. Schnell, A Modular Sound Descriptor Analysis Framework for Relaxed-real-time Applications, International Computer Music Conference (ICMC), New York, June 2010
  • F. Bevilacqua, B. Zamborlin, N. Rasamimanana, N. Schnell, Contrôle gestuel continu de médias sonores et visuels, Forum on Tactile and Gestural Interaction, Lille, June 2010.
  • B. Caramiaux, F. Bevilacqua, N. Schnell, Study on Gesture-Sound Similarity, International Conference on Music and Gesture, Montreal, March 2010.
  • B. Hackbart, N. Schnell, D. Schwarz, Audioguide: A Framework for Creative Exploration of Concatenative Sound Synthesis, IRCAM, Musical Research Residency Report, Paris, 2010.
  • M. A. Suarez-Cifuentes, N. Schnell, A Compositional Approach to Analysis Re-Synthesis, IRCAM Composer in Research Report, Paris, 2010.
  • B. Caramiaux, F. Bevilacqua, B. Zamborlin, N. Schnell, Mimicking Sound with Gesture as Interaction Paradigm, IRCAM Report, Paris, 2010.

2008 and 2009

  • N. Schnell, A. Röbel, D. Schwarz, G. Peeters, R. Borghesi, MuBu & Friends - Assembling Tools for Content Based Real-Time Interactive Audio Processing in Max/MSP, International Computer Music Conference (ICMC), Montreal, August 2009. (PDF)
  • D. Schwarz, N. Schnell, S. Gulluni, Scalability in Content-Based Navigation of Sound Databases, International Computer Music Conference (ICMC), Montreal, August 2009.
  • D. Schwarz, N. Schnell, Sound Search by Content-Based Navigation in Large Databases, International Conference on Sound and Music Computing (SMC), Porto, July 2009.
  • B. Caramiaux, N. Schnell, Towards an Analysis Tool for Gesture/Sound Mapping, Gesture Workshop. Bielefeld, February 2009.
  • B. Caramiaux, N. Schnell, Similarity Measures between Gesture and Sound, The International Summer School in Systematic, Comparative and Cognitive Musicology, Jyväskylä, 2009.
  • F. Bevilacqua, B. Zamborlin, A. Sypniewski, N. Schnell, F. Guédy, Continuous realtime gesture following and recognition, The 8th International Gesture Workshop, 2009.
  • N. Rasamimanana, F. Guédy, N. Schnell, J.-P. Lambert, F. Bevilacqua, Three Pedagogical Scenarios using the Sound and Gesture Lab, 4th i-Maestro Workshop on Technology Enhanced Music Education, Genoa, June 2008.
  • T. Koerselman, O. Larkin, B. Ong, N. Leroy, J.-P. Lambert, D. Schwarz, F. Guédy, N. Schnell, F. Bevilacqua, K. Ng, SDIF Integration in i-Maestro Gesture Tool, 4th i-Maestro Workshop on Technology-Enhanced Music Education, Genoa, June 2008.
  • T. Grosshauser, D. Schwarz, N. Schnell, Seeing the Inaudible : Descriptors for generating objective and reproducible data in real-time for musical instrument playing standard situations, Audio Engineering Society Convention (AES), Amsterdam, May 2008.
  • D. Schwarz, S. Cadars, N. Schnell, What Next? Continuation in Real-Time Corpus-Based Concatenative Synthesis, International Computer Music Conference (ICMC), Belfast, August 2008.

2005 to 2007

  • F. Guédy, N. Leroy, F. Bevilacqua, T. Grosshauser, N. Schnell, Pedagogical experimentation using the Sound and Gesture Lab, 3rd i-Maestro Workshop on Technology-Enhanced Music Education, Barcelone, November 2007.
  • A. Cont, D. Schwarz, N. Schnell, C. Raphael, Evaluation of Real-Time Audio-to-Score Alignment, International Conference on Music Information Retrieval (ISMIR), p. 315-316, Vienna, September 2007.
  • F. Bevilacqua, F. Guédy, F. Emmanuel, N. Leroy, N. Schnell, Wireless sensor interface and gesture-follower for music pedagogy, International Conference on New Interfaces for Musical Expression (NIME), New York, June 2007.
  • N. Schnell, F. Bevilacqua, D. Schwarz, N. Rasamimanana, F. Guédy, Technology and Paradigms to Support the Learning of Music Performance, 2nd i-Maestro Workshop on Technology Enhanced Music Education, Leeds, December 2006.
  • N. Schnell, D. Schwarz, R. Müller, X-Micks – Interactive Content Based Real-Time Audio Processing, 9th International Conference on Digital Audio Effects (DAFx), Montreal, September 2006. (PDF)
  • F. Bevilacqua, N. Rasamimanana, N. Schnell, Interfaces gestuelles, captation du mouvement et création artistique, L'inouï #2, Revue de l'Ircam, Editions Léo Scheer, 2006.
  • A. Cont, D. Schwarz, N. Schnell, Training Ircam's Score Follower, IEEE International Conference on Acoustics, Speech, and Signal Processing, Philadelphia, March 2005.
  • N. Schnell, D. Schwarz, Gabor, Multi-Representation Real-Time Analysis/Synthesis, COST-G6 Conference on Digital Audio Effects (DAFx), p. 122-126, Madrid, September 2005. (PDF)
  • N. Schnell, R. Borghesi, D. Schwarz, F. Bevilacqua, R. Müller, FTM — Complex data structures for Max, International Computer Music Conference (ICMC), Barcelona, September 2005. (PDF)
  • D. Schwarz, A. Cont, N. Schnell, From Boulez to Ballads: Training Ircam's Score Follower, International Computer Music Conference (ICMC), Barcelona, September 2005.
  • F. Bevilacqua, R. Müller, N. Schnell, MnM: a Max/MSP mapping toolbox, International Conference on New Interfaces for Musical Expression (NIME), p. 85-88 Vancouver, May 2005. (PDF)

2000 to 2004

  • A. Cont, D. Schwarz, N. Schnell, Implicit Learning of Musical Performance Parameters, training Ircam's Score Follower, AAAI Symposium 2004 Style and Meaning in Language, Art, Music, and Design, Washington, October 2004.
  • D. Schwarz, N. Orio, N. Schnell, Robust Polyphonic Midi Score Following with Hidden Markov Models, International Computer Music Conference (ICMC), Miami, November 2004.
  • N. Orio, S. Lemouton, D. Schwarz, N. Schnell, Score Following: State of the Art and New Developments, International Conference on New Interfaces for Musical Expression (NIME), Montreal, May 2003.
  • N. Schnell, M. Battier, Introducing Composed Instruments: Technical and Musicological Implications, International Conference on New Interfaces for Musical Expression (NIME), Dublin, May 2002. (PDF)
  • N. Schnell, G. Peeters, S. Lemouton, P. Manoury, X. Rodet, Synthesizing a choir in real-time using Pitch Synchronous Overlap Add (PSOLA), International Computer Music Conference (ICMC), Berlin, September 2000. (PDF)
  • F. Déchelle, R. Borghesi, N. Orio, N. Schnell, The jMax environment: an overview of new features, International Computer Music Conference (ICMC), Berlin, September 2000.
  • R. Bargar, F. Déchelle, I. Choi, A. Betts, C. Goudeseune, N. Schnell, W. Olivier, Coney Island, combining JMax, Spat and VSS for Acoustic Integration of spatial and temporal models in a virtual reality installation, International Computer Music Conference (ICMC), San Francisco, 2000.
  • M. M. Wanderley, N. Orio, N. Schnell, Towards an analysis of interaction in sound generating systems, International Symposium on Electronic Arts (ISEA), Paris, December 2000.

20th Century

  • F. Iovino, N. Schnell, O. Lartillot, Modalys in jMax, real-time modal-synthesis, International Computer Music Conference (ICMC), Beijing, October 1999.
  • F. Déchelle, M. de Cecco, E. Maggi, N. Schnell, jMax recent developments, International Computer Music Conference (ICMC), Pekin, September 1999.
  • F. Déchelle, R. Borghesi, M. de Cecco, E. Maggi, J. B. Rovan, N. Schnell, jMax: An Environment for Real-Time Musical Applications, Computer Music Journal, vol. 23, n° 3, p. 50-58, September 1999.
  • F. Déchelle, R. Borghesi, M. de Cecco, E. Maggi, J. B. Rovan, N. Schnell, jMax: a new JAVA-based editing and control system for real-time musical applications, International Computer Music Conference (ICMC), Ann Arbor, October 1998.
  • M. M. Wanderley, N. Schnell, J. B. Rovan, ESCHER - Modeling and Performing Composed Instruments in real-time, IEEE International Conference on Systems Man and Cybernetics, San Diego - CA, October 1998.
  • F. Déchelle, R. Borghesi, M. de Cecco, E. Maggi, J. B. Rovan, N. Schnell, jMax: demonstration of an integrated environment for real time musical applications, International Computer Music Conference (ICMC), Ann Arbor, October 1998.
  • F. Déchelle, R. Borghesi, M. de Cecco, E. Maggi, J. B. Rovan, N. Schnell, Latest evolutions of the FTS real-time engine, typing, scoping, threading, compiling, International Computer Music Conference (ICMC), Ann Arbor, October 1998.
  • F. Déchelle, M. de Cecco, E. Maggi, N. Schnell, New DSP applications on FTS, International Computer Music Conference (ICMC), Hong Kong, 1996.
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