Score Following

From IMTR

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Score following is the realtime synchronization of a live musician playing a score with the score itself and decoding of expressive parameters of the musician on the fly. The interest of score following is usually twofold: (1) technically for realtime alignment of audio signals to symbolic music score, and (2) musically for interpreting electronic music scores conform to live performance.

Score following is the ingredient of many pieces produced at IRCAM. Since the inception of the project, multiple generations of score following systems have been developed at IRCAM. The latest incarnation of score following at IRCAM is Antescofo. This page serves as the main information portal with the following pages:


NEWS:


Contributors

  • Research and Development
  • Computer Music Designers
  • Serge Lemouton, Gilbert Nouno, Robin Meier, Chris Lebreton.
  • Participating Composers
  • Marco Stroppa, Philippe Manoury, Pierre Boulez, Lara Morciano, Vassos Nicolaou, Richard Dudas, Larry Nelson, Andrea Agostini.

Selected Publications

Arshia Cont, A coupled duration-focused architecture for realtime music to score alignment. IEEE Transaction on Pattern Analysis and Machine Intelligence. Vol. 32(6), Pp. 974-987, June 2010. (preprint) (bibtex)

Arshia Cont. «ANTESCOFO: Anticipatory Synchronization and Control of Interactive Parameters in Computer Music", Proceedings of International Computer Music Conference (ICMC), August 2008, Belfast, Ireland.

Arshia Cont. «Realtime Audio to Score Alignment for Polyphonic Music Instruments Using Sparse Non-negative constraints and Hierarchical HMMs», IEEE International Conference on Acoustics and Speech Signal Processing (ICASSP), May 2006, Toulouse, France.

Diemo Schwarz, Arshia Cont and Norbert Schnell. «From Boulez to Ballads: Training IRCAM’s Score Follower», Proceedings of International Computer Music Conference (ICMC), August 2005, Barcelona, Spain.

Arshia Cont, Diemo Schwarz and Norbert Schnell, «Training Ircam’s Score Follower», IEEE International Conference on Acoustics and Speech Signal Processing (ICASSP), March 2005, Philadelphia, USA.

Nicola Orio, Serge Lemouton, Diemo Schwarz and Norbert Schnell. «Score Following: State of the Art and New Developments», Proceedings of the International Conference on New Interfaces for Musical Expression (NIME), May 2003, Montreal, Canada.

Nicola Orio and François Déchelle. «Score Following Using Spectral Analysis and Hidden Markov Models», Proceedings of International Computer Music Conference (ICMC), August 2001, Havana, Cuba.

Miller Puckette and Cort Lippe. «Score Following in Practice», Proceedings of International Computer Music Conference (ICMC), 1992, San Jose, USA.

Miller Puckette. «EXPLODE: A User Interface for Sequencing and Score Following», Proceedings of International Computer Music Conference (ICMC), 1990, Glasgow, Scotland.

Barry Vercoe and Miller Puckette, Synthetic Rehearsal: Training the Synthetic Performer, Proceedings of International Computer Music Conference (ICMC), 1985.

Barry Vercoe. «The Synthetic Performer in the Context of Live Performance», Proceedings of International Computer Music Conference (ICMC), 1984, Paris, France.

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